开启辅助访问

万千宠爱

 找回密码
 立即注册

扫一扫,访问微社区

新浪微博登陆

只需一步, 快速开始

搜索
热搜: 活动 交友 discuz
万千宠爱 新闻中心 英文新闻 查看内容

Release Of Whales From Notorious Russia Whale Jail Complete

2019-11-26 20:33| 发布者: hujian| 查看: 47| 评论: 0

摘要: Editor’s Note: On November 10, 2019, the Russian government>  In what have since been declared illegal captures, four Russian companies that supply marine mammals to aquariums caught almost 100 bel ...


Editor’s Note: On November 10, 2019, the Russian government>

  In what have since been declared illegal captures, four Russian companies that supply marine mammals to aquariums caught almost 100 beluga whales and orcas over the course of several months in the summer of 2018. The animals have been in holding pens in Srednyaya Bay, in Russia’s far east, ever since.

  Today, the Russian government began the process of returning them to the wild, announced Deputy Prime Minister Alexey Gordeyev during President Vladamir Putin's annual televised public call-in program.

  A photo taken in March shows several of the 87 total belugas in a holding pen. Cetacean experts became increasingly concerned about the animals' health over the winter as many of the animals exhibited skin lesions and one orca went missing.

  PHOTOGRAPH BY YURI SMITYUK, TASS, GETTY IMAGES

  Authorities from VNIRO, the Russian Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, have begun moving the first eight animals. Six belugas and two orcas were lifted in slings by cranes and prepared for transport. They’re to be>

  Gordeyev said it will take four months to move all the animals and that the cetaceans will be>The New York Times, the cetacean transport will be monitored by 70 specialists, including veterinarians and scientists. Each whale will be accompanied during transport by two people and will be equipped with a GPS tracker before>

  “We have taken the only sensible decision at the recommendation of scientists to rebase the animals to their natural habitat where they were caught, to their familiar environment,” Gordeyev said.

  The orcas and belugas attracted international attention in late 2018 and early 2019 when a drone captured aerial video footage of the facility, which showed 98 orcas and belugas crowded in small sea pens. The footage led the media to label the facility a “whale jail.” The situation sparked outrage worldwide, both over the capture itself and the the cetaceans’ treatment.

FollowVideoOrcas and beluga whales at risk of deathFebruary 7, 2019 - The “whale jail” is in legal limbo while Russia’s government scrambles for answers.loading...

  Aerial footage showed orcas and belugas in small, crowded pens and the sea icing over.

  At the time, three of the four companies maintained that the animals were captured legally, and the fourth did not respond to requests for comment. None has made any public statements since the>

Transport begins

  Putin personally monitored the start of the transport operation via live feed, reports EastRussia, an English-language Russian news outlet. The Russian president commented on the>

  Western aquariums are scaling back on keeping cetaceans in captivity (Canada last week banned the practice>

  Vinick says transport back to the waters around Sakhalin Island in the Sea of Okhotsk “is the right decision.” In April, he was invited by Russian authorities, along with Jean-Michel Cousteau, founder of the California-based nonprofit Ocean Futures Society, to assess the whales’ condition and draft a rehabilitation plan. After their visit, they published a joint report stating that most of the animals had skin lesions, which could indicate health issues, and that they would require further health assessments. But they noted that all appeared to be well fed and had undergone minimal training. The report concluded that all 97 could be rehabilitated and>

  Vinick says the team recommended more significant rehabilitation prior to transport and>

“Monumental” change to come?

  Deputy Prime Minister Gordeyev also said Russia will clamp down on the capture of cetaceans and that the government will change the law that currently allows the capture of cetaceans for “educational and cultural purposes,” a loophole that fisheries in Russia have long used to legally capture belugas and orcas for use in aquariums in Russia and abroad, notably in China, as documented in National Geographic’s June feature on captive wildlife tourism. Export of orcas for commercial purposes was made illegal in 2018.

  Beluga whales perform in a pop-up traveling aquarium under an inflatable tent in Saratov, Russia. Belugas, which are caught from Russian waters, don’t live long in these conditions. Russia’s deputy prime minister announced on June 20 that the government plans to close a loophole in the law that permits the capture of cetaceans for aquariums.

  PHOTOGRAPH BY KIRSTEN LUCE

  If those changes are indeed enacted, which would require amending federal law, cetaceans could only be legally caught for scientific purposes. It would mean the end of Russia’s commercial cetacean trade, which would be a “monumental” development, says Vinick. “It changes everything about the capture of these animals for public display. That would be leadership by the Russian government for the world to see.”

  On May 31, the South-Sakhalin City Court, which has jurisdiction over the area where the cetaceans were captured, declared illegal all catch quotas that the Federal Fisheries Agency issued for belugas and orcas in 2018. In other words, the four firms’ argument that they had caught the animals with government permission was retroactively nullified. As a result, two of the four Russian firms have been fined. On June 7, White Whale LLC was fined $690,000. On June 14, Oceanarium DV was fined AU $1.28 million, reports the Moscow Times. The cases against the other two firms, Afalina LLC and Sochi Dolphinarium LLC, are still in progress, the paper reports.

Pens icing over

  During their months in captivity, the animals appeared to be suffering, Dmitry Lisitsyn told National Geographic in February. Lisitsyn heads Sakhalin Environment Watch, an NGO based on Sakhalin Island, near where the cetaceans were originally captured, that has been monitoring the situation since last summer.

  In November 2018, after the drone footage went public, regional authorities opened an investigation into the alleged illegal capture of the marine mammals. While the investigation was pending, the animals remained in the holding pens. As temperatures dropped during the winter, ice formed over the surface of the pens, alarming cetacean experts in Russia and abroad.

  An orca is lowered by crane into a transport truck. The journey to the>

  PHOTOGRAPH BY YURI SMITYUK, TASS, GETTY IMAGES

  In late February, one of the orcas, Kirill, who had been ill for some time, went missing. Facility owners filed a police report saying he likely escaped. Environmentalists with the Free Russian Whales coalition, who are familiar with the facility, said that escape was highly unlikely. He has not been found.

What’s next

  Details are scant on whether the cetaceans will have any period of adjustment once they arrive at the>

  VNIRO did not immediately respond to requests for comment or further details.

  “We could all be second-guessing every part of this, and many people will, and they should,” says Vinick. “But at the same time, we have to be grateful that this is moving in this direction.”

Lead Image: In June Russian authorities lift an orca by crane from a holding area in Russia’s far east, where 97 captured belugas and orcas have been held since summer 2018.

  PHOTOGRAPH BY YURI SMITYUK, TASS, GETTY IMAGES



鲜花

握手

雷人

路过

鸡蛋

相关分类

QQ|小黑屋|Archiver|手机版|万千宠爱  

GMT-6, 2020-2-17 14:17 , Processed in 0.541575 second(s), 20 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3.2

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

返回顶部